The Older Adult in Critical Care Unit Mr. J is transferred t…

The Older Adult in Critical Care UnitMr. J is transferred to the ICU setting where he is intubated immediately for acute respiratory failure secondary to sepsis. He is unconscious. His blood pressure is 80/40 and a central venous line is placed. On intubation, the oral mucosa is friable and bleeding with evidence of massive stomatitis and esophagitis. He is treated empirically with several IV antibiotics and inotropic agents; his prognosis is poor.Clinical DataMr. J is unable to speak, but within 72 hours of aggressive therapy, he begins to improve, showing conscious responses to external stimuli, although responses are limited and erratic.Daily spontaneous breathing trials shows signs of improvement and a possibility for extubation exists.However, he begins to pull at his tubing. He has a wide-eyed fearful look as he attempts to mouth words around the endotracheal tubing. Staff can’t understand Mr. J’s communication attempts. He becomes intermittently lethargic then restless, reaching in space for imaginary objects.During this time his blood pressure climbs and heart rate peaks over 120 beats per minute. Staff attribute these vital sign changes to anxiety and tell Mr. J that he is improving. They remind him not to pull the tubing or they will have to restrain his hand.Mr.J’s care and treatment are discussed at the Care Conference with his son. Discussion centers on his mental status, communication difficulties, and ventilator weaning progress. Staff are fearful that he is in danger of harm from accidental medical treatment device (endotracheal tube/central venous line) removal and may need to be physically restrained.Follow up CareMr. J’s sepsis resolved, he was extubated, and his physical strength improved over several weeks. Use of physical restraint was avoided. Mr. J gradually began to sit on the side of the bed with nursing assistance and physical and occupational therapy. His pain was managed with oral solutions 15 minutes prior to activity and as assessed as necessary by the nurse. Staff worked to incorporate family participation into Mr. J’s care and recovery.Take home pointsSeveral important decisions were made at crucial points in time and led to the many successful outcomes experienced by Mr. J. These included increased nursing involvement in communication, early identification, care and treatment of delirium, prevention of aspiration, prevention of further deconditioning, and the decision to avoid physical restraint use. A coordinated team approach involving his son coupled with open channels of communication and consultation with other team members who knew this patient earlier in his hospital stay helped contribute to his successful recoveryPatient OutcomeUltimately Mr. J was transferred to a sub-acute rehabilitation setting for care and treatment of reduced mobility, and to increase muscular strength, endurance and independence in daily living.He developed many friendships with other residents and began to transport himself, via wheelchair, to the cooking club held at the facility. Over the course of several months, he regained muscle strength and endurance in the walking program.Case Study QuestionsWhat additional comorbidities are Mr. J at risk for and how could a nurse determine this?How would a nurse determine the development of delirium (as an example of a comorbidity)?What could a nurse do after confirming the presence of delirium as a comorbidity?What care strategies need to be addressed for the delirium and other issues?What modifications in communication strategies need to be used when caring for Mr. J in the ICU setting? Plagiarism Free Papers
Are you looking for custom essay writing service or even dissertation writing services? Just request for our write my paper service, and we\’ll match you with the best essay writer in your subject! With an exceptional team of professional academic experts in a wide range of subjects, we can guarantee you an unrivaled quality of custom-written papers.
Why Hire writers to do your paper?
Quality- We are experienced and have access to ample research materials.
We write plagiarism Free Content
Confidential- We never share or sell your personal information to third parties.
Support-Chat with us today! We are always waiting to answer all your questions.

Source link

Rate this post
"Is this question part of your assignment? We will write the assignment for you. click order now and get up to 40% Discount"