Media effects on women
December 31, 2017
What does it mean that there is a “litigation explosion,” and is this accurate?
December 31, 2017

reason for why present-day Poland should request new Independence and assistance

developing at least one more reason for why present day Poland should request new Independence and assistance developing an opening paragraph of a Polish Declaration of Independence.

The Power Point presentation has already been created outlining requirements, most reasons, as well as some supporting reasons. The majority of this presentation have been complete. It need fine tuning by 1900 EST, on the 31st.

600-900 words (half done)

Three credible sources (found) With additional list attached.

must use power point attached.

College level course.

Polska (Poland)

The PowerPoint and Prezi must include a cover slide with your name, course number and title (HIST112 – World Civilization Since 1650) instructor’s name, and date.

Requirements

600-900 words (Anything less will not justify your research)

Visuals tallying 1/3 (no background images)

Remember you need three reliable sources.

For the country you choose, you will research what is going on and decide on reasons for a new government. Basically, you want independence from the government that is already in power.

Read as many articles as you can, these articles will give you insight on what is going on in the country you chose. Make sure you get articles from reliable sources. This is the reason why you need more than just one source. Most of these articles will be newspapers articles but you will need to do a bit more research on the country itself.

All information has to be factual. The assignment will be done in a PowerPoint presentation. You will have to have visuals.

DIRECTIONS FOR THE ASSIGNMENT

In this assignment you are a modern day revolutionary. the United States of America’s Declaration of Independence should be a guide to this assignment.

the Declaration of Independence is a list of grievances against the King. You will be creating a list of grievances against the government/leader Poland. You must research what is going on in POLAND and decide on reasons for a new government/ why you want independence from the government that is already in power. (These will be the 9 grievances)

Read as many articles to give you insight on what is going on in Poland. Make sure you get articles from reliable sources. MUST have more than just one source. Most of these articles will be newspapers articles but you will need to do a bit more research on the country itself. All information MUST to be factual.

The assignment will be done in a PowerPoint presentation.

You MUST have visuals, not allowed to use background visuals, it’s hard to read the text and will not count as visuals (ALREADY ADDED)

MODERN DAY REVOLUTIONARIES: In this assignment you will be recreating, rewriting the Declaration of Independence in Modern Terms picking a Modern Country.

Slide Layouts

Slide 1 is the title of your Declaration, the class name, your name, my name and the date. (completed)

Slide 2 is an introduction of your Declaration explaining to me which country you choose and why. (completed)

Slide 3 you are to create your opening passages. This is equivalent to the first paragraph in the Declaration. The only passage you are allowed to use from the Declaration of Independence word for word is “When in course of human events”, the rest is in your own words.

Slides 4, 5 and 6 (or more) – You are then to come up with minimum of 9 grievances. There needs to be three (3) grievances on each slide making. These grievances need to be in bullet form. Right underneath the slide is the “Speaker Notes”. You will explain your grievances here. You need to make sure you give me the “why’ you went with that particular grievance. Keep in mind, when you are talking about modern day governments, you NEED to take into account the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches. We are talking about Present Day not yesteryear.

Slide 7 – Closing remarks

Slide 8 – Bibliography

Intro of Declaration (complete page)

I chose Poland for a few reasons. After watching the movie Remembrance, which is based on a true story, I realized I share my last name with the main character. This of course peaked my interest. So, I began tracing my family’s origins. I know my father’s family left Poland and traveled to Austria, then came to the United States, all of which I has been confirmed via supporting documents. I have even had an ancestry DNA test conducted to trace and confirm my family’s history. I have always had an affinity for learning about the history of WWI. It is because if this and my family history that I decided to write about Poland. I wanted to know more about present day Poland and hope to visit this county one day.

What country chosen

why

5

Preview of Opening Passage

Requirements: you MUST compose an equivalent to 1st paragraph of U.S. Declaration & the ONLY quotable Declaration phrase to be used is: “When in course of human events”…rest in my own words

“When in course of human events”…

Reference:

The United States Declaration of Independence.

6

Grievance 1-3, 4-6, 7-9 page lay out and requirements:

create a list of grievances against the government/leader of Poland

Must be in bullet format.

THREE PER PAGE.

This will make up slides 4, 5, and 6.

There MUST be an explanation of each grievances included in the notes section below. NOT ON THE SLIDES.

(when you are talking about modern day governments, you NEED to take into account the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches. We are talking about Present Day not yesteryear.)

EXAMPLE OF A GRIEVANCE:

Slide information: Obamacare – fines In your notes section you will have:

Congress has passed a national health care legislation call the Affordable Health Care Act. The insurance is to cover anyone who does not have insurance. It has unintended effects where the uninsured has to pay a fine if they did not sign up for coverage. You will pay the “higher of the two amounts: either 2% of your yearly household income or 325 per person, 162.5 for each child.” (Healthcare.gov)

Explanation of grievances (when you are talking about modern day governments, you NEED to take into account the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches. We are talking about Present Day not yesteryear.)

7

Grievance 1-3

Media revamp

Judicial reform threatens democracy

declinging international integration

Explanation of grievances (when you are talking about modern day governments, you NEED to take into account the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches. We are talking about Present Day not yesteryear.)

Media revamp: “Poland’s broadcasting market is the largest in Eastern and Central Europe and has attracted foreign investment. There is freedom and diversity of information, although laws against deriding the nation and its political system are still in force (BBC, 2017).”

“FREEDOM OF SPEECH: POLAND PLOTS RESTRICTIONS ON FOREIGN MEDIA AND U.S. COMPANIES COULD BE HIT).”

This is an example of how Poland is declining deeper European integration and instead

Regulating the media consequently threatens free speech in Poland. The proposed plan would make the broadcasting chiefs subservient to the Treasury Minister of Poland. The Treasury Minister will then regulate foreign company’s present dominance of media by limiting the broadcasting powers of foreign companies with cross-platform holdings and market shares which are seen to produce fake news, bash the Polish government, and cover unimportant topics (Strzelecki & Waldoch, 2017).

Judiciary reform: “After a tense debate in parliament, lawmakers on Wednesday voted overwhelmingly to send the draft bill on the Supreme Court for more work by a special parliamentary commission. Opposition legislators have proposed 1,300 amendments to the draft, which they say violates the constitution, kills judicial independence and destroys the democratic principle of the separation of the judiciary from the executive branch”. (VOA News, 2017).” judiciary is now under the political control of the ruling majority.” (Gorka, 2017).

“One of the reforms was the government’s move to grant the president greater powers to appoint judges to the Supreme Court, whose duties include confirming election results. German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron had publicly agreed to back Article 7 proceedings against Poland before the Commission’s meeting.

The executive branch of the EU triggered Article 7 of the Lisbon Treaty, popularly known as ‘the nuclear option’. The procedure could eventually lead to Poland losing its voting rights in the EU. The European Commission has taken an unprecedented step in the history of the bloc. This is the first time an EU member will face legal procedures for non-compliance with the rules established by Brussels. (Gorka, 2017). Triggering Article 7 can lead to the suspension of a country’s voting rights at the European Council if all 27 other EU countries agree, but Hungary has said it would veto such as move.” (

declinging international integration:

“The European Commission has decided to suspend Poland’s voting rights in the EU after two years of dispute over judicial reforms that Brussels says undermine Polish courts’ independence” (Gorka, 2017).

References:

BBC News. (2017, Dec 13). Poland Country Profile. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-17753718(completed reference)

EU Takes Action Against Poland Over Judiciary Reforms. (2017, Dec 20). Retrieved form https://www.rferl.org/a/eu-poland-judiciary-reforms-article-7/28929165.html

Gorka, A. (2017, Dec 23). Poland Hit by ‘Nuclear Option’: Brussels Makes Polexit Feasible. Retrieved from https://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2017/12/23/poland-hit-nuclear-option-brussels-makes-polexit-feasible.html (completed reference)

Strzelecki, M., & Waldoch, M. (2017, August 14). Poland’s Planned Media Revamp May Force Some Foreign Owners Out. Retrieved from https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-08-14/poland-s-planned-media-revamp-may-force-some-foreign-owners-out (completed reference)

VOA News. (2017, July 19). EU Closer to Sanctions on Poland Over Changes in Judiciary. Retrieved from https://www.voanews.com/a/eu-closer-to-sanctions-on-poland-over-changes-in-judiciary-/3951022.html

8

Grievance 4-6

The annual march has become something of a magnet for extremist groups protesting on Polish Independence Day. Credit Adam Stepien/Agencja Gazeta, via Reuters

White Europe’: 60,000 nationalists march on Poland’s independence day, “refugees get out” march not stopped after ? Urged Polish government to stop it. a shared mistrust of Muslim immigrants and refugees

disdain for the European Union (EU)

Promotion of a conservative Catholic social agenda (not sure about this topic)

WERE


Explanation of grievances (when you are talking about modern day governments, you NEED to take into account the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches. We are talking about Present Day not yesteryear.)

Disdain for EU:

Poland’s leadership and their roles in regulating the media and consequently threatening free speech, attempting to change the judiciary branch, and upsetting the European Union (EU).

Many of these things have led the EU to threaten sanctions against the Polish government as they see judiciary changes as a threat to democracy and citizen’s rights.

Modifications to the judicial system and allow the Law and Justice party (PiS) to give ministers he power appoint judges and supreme court members, hence stacking political power and influence of the PiS.

The EU seeing this as deliberately undermining due process to protect human rights and the principles of the EU (The Guardian, 2017).

The Economy of the European Union as a Whole

Promoting Catholic Social Agenda:

“Finance Minister Morawiecki took over as head of the conservative Law and Justice party government in December 2017, replacing Beata Szydlo, who moved to the post of deputy prime minister.

Law and Justice leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski dropped Mrs Szydlo in what Polish political analysts see as a move to repair the country’s poor relations with the European Union, and prepare the party for a series of elections.

The Western-educated economist Mr Morawiecki has a more polished manner than his predecessor, but shares her strong support for Mr Kaczynski’s moves to limit the power of the judiciary, promote a conservative Catholic social agenda, and oppose European Union demands to accept Muslim refugees.” (BBC, 2017).

References:

BBC News. (2017, Dec 13). Poland Country Profile. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-17753718

Gorka, A. (2017, Dec 23). Poland Hit by ‘Nuclear Option’: Brussels Makes Polexit Feasible. Retrieved from https://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2017/12/23/poland-hit-nuclear-option-brussels-makes-polexit-feasible.html (completed reference)

The Guardian. (2017, July 22). The Observer View on Poland’s Assault on Law and the Judiciary. Observer editorial. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/jul/23/poland-anti-democracy-european-union

9

Katie (K) –

Grievance 7-9

Fiscal Policy

energy deal-making (keep & explain)

NEED ONE MORE REASON (Poland Challenges the European Identity, maybe)

Explanation of grievances (when you are talking about modern day governments, you NEED to take into account the Executive, Legislative and Judicial branches. We are talking about Present Day not yesteryear.)

Fiscal Policy:

A challenge facing Poland’s economy in 2016 is the reeling in of its federal debt, which hovers around 50% of GDP as of December 2015. Considering the PiS also ran on a platform of increasing family benefits, lowering taxes on small- and medium-sized businesses, and lowering the pension age, it is difficult to see how the budget will be balanced in the short term. Economic participants are skeptical the PiS can devise policies that satisfy democratic demands, foster a healthy environment for business activity and investment, and reel in the public debt.

NATO ally Poland also hosts a contingent of about 900 U.S. troops, and has for many years contributed to U.S. and NATO missions in Iraq and Afghanistan. And it spends more of its GDP on military expenditures than most of its North Atlantic Treaty Organization neighbors, a subject Trump publicly lectured the alliance about during an awkward visit in May.

Proposed Energy Deal:

Last unknown reason:

References:

BBC News. (2017, Dec 13). Poland Country Profile. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-17753718

Gorka, A. (2017, Dec 23). Poland Hit by ‘Nuclear Option’: Brussels Makes Polexit Feasible. Retrieved from https://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2017/12/23/poland-hit-nuclear-option-brussels-makes-polexit-feasible.html (completed reference)

10

Closing

Provide a closing paragraph here (not in notes).

MUST use these words from the Declaration of Independence for your closing, “We, therefore, the Representatives of these” (put in the country you are representing here, Poland) and the closing reason for the your Declaration, closely resembling the Declaration of Independence, but not copying. Restate some of the grievances as supporting facts as needed.

Bibliography

BBC News. (2017, Dec 13). Poland Country Profile. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-17753718(completed reference)

EU Takes Action Against Poland Over Judiciary Reforms. (2017, Dec 20). Retrieved form https://www.rferl.org/a/eu-poland-judiciary-reforms-article-7/28929165.html

Gorka, A. (2017, Dec 23). Poland Hit by ‘Nuclear Option’: Brussels Makes Polexit Feasible. Retrieved from https://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2017/12/23/poland-hit-nuclear-option-brussels-makes-polexit-feasible.html (completed reference)

Strzelecki, M., & Waldoch, M. (2017, August 14). Poland’s Planned Media Revamp May Force Some Foreign Owners Out. Retrieved from https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-08-14/poland-s-planned-media-revamp-may-force-some-foreign-owners-out (completed reference)

The Guardian. (2017, July 22). The Observer View on Poland’s Assault on Law and the Judiciary. Observer editorial. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/jul/23/poland-anti-democracy-european-union

VOA News. (2017, July 19). EU Closer to Sanctions on Poland Over Changes in Judiciary. Retrieved from https://www.voanews.com/a/eu-closer-to-sanctions-on-poland-over-changes-in-judiciary-/3951022.html

MUST List all reference in APA FORMAT & ALPHABETICAL ORDER

MUST BE IN APA FORMAT & ALPHABETICAL ORDER

12

Xenophobia intense or irrational dislike or fear of people from other countries.

Euroskepticism, European political doctrine that advocates disengagement from the European Union (EU). Political parties that espouse a Euroskeptic viewpoint tend to be broadly populist and generally support tighter immigration controls in addition to the dismantling or streamlining of the EU bureaucratic structure. Britannica.com

Populist a member or adherent of a political party seeking to represent the interests of ordinary people.

Nationalistic having strong patriotic feelings, especially a belief in the superiority of one’s own country over others.

References:

Poland has reinforced its position as Europe’s problem child. (2017, March 16). Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://www.economist.com/news/europe/21718928-one-week-government-indulged-two-paranoid-obsessions-poland-has-reinforced-its-position

Zamoyski, A. (2016, June 28). The Problem With Poland’s New Nationalism. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from http://foreignpolicy.com/2016/01/27/the-problem-with-polands-new-nationalism/

Lachaise, F., & Hubert, M. (2017, January 13). The Political Situation in Poland. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from http://www.duelamical.eu/en/articles/197/the-political-situation-in-poland

Hachoud, M., & Hubert, M. (2017, January 13). Search for a Lost Culprit. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from http://www.duelamical.eu/en/articles/197/the-political-situation-in-poland

King, L. (2017, July 05). In Poland, a Right-Wing, Populist, Anti-Immigrant Government Sees an Ally in Trump. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from http://www.latimes.com/world/la-fg-poland-trump-2017-story.html

The Observer view on Poland’s assault on law and the judiciary | Observer editorial. (2017, July 22). Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/jul/23/poland-anti-democracy-european-union

Sobczak, P., Florkiewicz, P., Goettig, M., Baczynska, G., Than, K., & Kelly, L. (2017, July 20). Thousands protest after Polish lawmakers approve judiciary overhaul, d. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-poland-politics-judiciary-vote/thousands-protest-after-polish-lawmakers-approve-judiciary-overhaul-defying-eu-idUSKBN1A51OH

https://www.oecd.org/dac/peer-reviews/Main-findings-recommendations-Poland-2017-EN.pdf

Herszenhorn, D. M. (2017, August 02). For Donald Tusk, Poland is personal. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://www.politico.eu/article/poland-rule-of-law-constitution-donald-tusk-personal

Stewart, P. (2017, October 24). Interview: The Polish Government’s Dangerous Power Grab. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://www.hrw.org/news/2017/10/24/interview-polish-governments-dangerous-power-grab

Adekoya, R. (2017, December 13). Poland’s Prime Minister Is a Technocrat Banker and a Far-Right Populist at the Same Time. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/12/13/polands-prime-minister-is-a-technocrat-banker-and-a-far-right-populist-at-the-same-time/

Bartkowiak, P., & Koszel, M. (2017). Forms of Relationships among Local Government Units in Polish Metropolitan Areas. Procedia Engineering, 182, 76-82. doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2017.03.121

Specia, M. (2017, November 11). Nationalist March Dominates Poland’s Independence Day. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/11/world/europe/poland-nationalist-march.html

Friedman, G. (2017, September 27). Poland Challenges the European Identity. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://geopoliticalfutures.com/poland-challenges-european-identity/

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/destination/poland

Casillas, A. (2016, January 14). 3 Economic Challenges Poland Faces in 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://www.investopedia.com/articles/investing/011416/3-economic-challenges-poland-faces-2016.asp

English, C. (2007, November 02). Poland’s New Government Faces Challenges. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from http://news.gallup.com/poll/102511/polands-new-government-faces-challenges.aspx

Heer, J. (2017, July 06). An International Brotherhood of White Grievance. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://newrepublic.com/article/143746/international-brotherhood-white-grievance

Barton, J. (2017, December 21). How judicial reform is chipping away at Polands democracy. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://www.wikitribune.com/story/2017/12/21/poland/take-part-is-polands-democracy-waning/30399/

Blenkinsop, P., & Goettig, M. (2017, July 29). EU starts action against Poland over judiciary reforms. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://www.reuters.com/article/us-poland-politics-eu/eu-starts-action-against-poland-over-judiciary-reforms-idUSKBN1AE0CD?il=0

Bershidsky, L. (2017, September 27). Polish Nationalists Are Beating the EU at Its Own Game. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-09-27/polish-nationalists-are-beating-the-eu-at-its-own-game

Systemic Threats to the Rule of Law in Poland: Between Action and Procrastination. (2017, November 13). Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://www.robert-schuman.eu/en/european-issues/0451-systemic-threats-to-the-rule-of-law-in-poland-between-action-and-procrastination

Taylor, M. (2017, November 12). ‘White Europe’: 60,000 Nationalists March on Poland’s Independence Day. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/nov/12/white-europe-60000-nationalists-march-on-polands-independence-day

Ash, T. G. (2017, January 05). As well as protesting, Poles need to strengthen their state | Timothy Garton Ash. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/jan/05/protest-poles-state-law-and-justice-party-polish-democracy

Cook, L. (2017, November 15). Poland Slams EU Parliament Actions as ‘Scandalous’. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://www.voanews.com/a/poland-slams-eu-parliament-actions-scandalous/4116642.html

Schenkkan, N. (2017, July 19). PiS Uses Media Control to Bring Poland to Heel. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from http://emerging-europe.com/voices/voices-politics/pis-uses-media-control-to-bring-poland-to-heel/

Polish media laws: Government takes control of state media. (2016, January 07). Retrieved December 28, 2017, from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-35257105

Lowe, J. (2017, August 10). Poland is plotting restrictions on foreign media, and U.S. companies could be in the firing line. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from http://www.newsweek.com/polish-government-american-companies-media-law-donald-trump-649232

Strzelecki, M., & Waldoch, M. (2017, August 14). Poland’s Planned Media Revamp May Force Some Foreign Owners Out. Retrieved December 28, 2017, from https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-08-14/poland-s-planned-media-revamp-may-force-some-foreign-owners-out

Some Media in Poland have ‘too Much Control’, Reform Needed: Culture Minister. (2017, August 9). Retrieved December 28, 2017, from http://www.thenews.pl/1/9/Artykul/324700,Some-media-in-Poland-have-too-much-control-reform-needed-culture-minister

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pl.html

 

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