Nursing Research – My Nursing Assignment

The reviewed article is on a research conducted by Chad Ellis O’Lynn, a registered nurse and a holder of Ph.D. in nursing. The issue being studied was Gender-Based Barriers for Male Students in Nursing Programs and investigated the prevalence and perceived importance of these barriers. The findings were published in the Journal of Nursing, page 46, in May 2004. It described the prevalence and perceived importance of barriers and to develop a tool for measuring the male friendliness in nursing programs. Its findings and recommendations formed the basis for the formulation of the Inventory of Male Friendliness in Nursing Programs (IMFNP).
Protection of study participants                                             
All the participants in this research were protected as per the requirements in the research ethics requirements based on the Belmont Report. The respect of the participants was considered by treating them with autonomy. The research involved people who were to make own decisions whether to participate or not without any coercion. Adequate information had been provided to allow the participants to be involved in the research voluntarily through an involved consent.
The study utilized The beneficence principle. It first had approval by the American Assembly for Men in Nursing (AAMN) for its conduction. It had no physical or emotional harm to the participants. The aim of its conduction was for the general good for the participants, the relevant institutions and authorities for it focused on developing policies that would bring equality in the training of nurses as well as their practice in the society. The findings from the research were later used to formulate policy guidelines that are used up to date by nursing institutions to ensure equality in the recruitment of nursing candidates.
Justice was done to all participants thus enhancing their protection in the study. All the subjects had equal treatment, exposed to similar questions and a similar method of data collection. It did not bestow any burden upon a particular individual, and the results of the study benefitted all the participants equally.
Assessment of study tools
Upon the development of the survey data collection tool, it was compared with the American Assembly for Men in Nursing (AAMN) subsample and amendments done to make it uniform with specifications. Findings from a pilot interview conducted involving ten nurses helped in the formulation of the final data collection tool.
Consideration of ethical issues
            The research considered ethical issues relating to human research. It was first approved by an ethics body in order to allow for its conduction. Each of the participants had an informed consent participation. Involvement in the research was voluntary, and no punishment was given to the people not willing or who withdrew from participating in the study. The research never required the giving of information that could reveal the participant’s identity. The information collected from the study was confidential and was used for the purposes of the study only. The research utilized questions that were not very sensitive to the participants’ way of life hence not affecting them emotionally. The research questions utilized were standard and formulated to minimize any possibility of biases in the process of answering and interpretation of the responses collected during data analysis.
Data collection methods
            Data for this study was collected using a survey tool which had a list of thirty harmonized barriers from which the participants made a choice. The barriers used came from the literature review done and compared to the American Assembly for Men in Nursing (AAMN). The tool was then mailed to the two hundred selected participants and upon filling it; they would mail it back for the analysis of the data.
Their critique, potential biases and ethical issues there-off
Though the tool had a good response rate, it had a few challenges including some of the mails being returned due to invalid aIDresses, some reaching women while others were not replied. There was also a problem of some being filled wrongly or not being filled completely. Biases arose from the fact that the people to which the survey tool was mailed had different education levels and could not answer the questions similarly. However, it considered the ethical issues by having an informed consent and privacy of the participants.
Problem statement
            The problem leading to this research was the continued reduction in the number of male candidates in the institution’s training nursing programs. The problem was justified through studies done previously, including the argument by Buerhaus, Straiger&Auerbach, (2000).It also resulted from previous utilization of strategies aIDressing shortage of nurses that focused on females only to improve the image portrayed by nursing as a profession (Williams &Bednash, 2001). The topic was reachable and significant to nursing as it aimed at coming up with solutions affecting the involvement of men in nursing.
Data analysis and Management
Analysis of data from the respondents used descriptive, nonparametric statistics and the major barriers as per the respondents were identified. It is on the basis of these barriers identified that were used to formulate the IMFNP guidelines which proved relevant to the topic under study.
            In sum, the research was very relevant to nursing practice and achieved the main purpose that had informed the research. The recommendations from this study provided practical and lasting solutions to the problem under study as well as the ones identified by the previous studies identified through the literature review.
O’Lynn, C.E. (2004). Gender –Based Barriers for Male Student in Nursing Education Programs in Nursing Education Programs: Prevalence and Perceived Importance. Journal of Nursing Education. 2004,43,5.
American Assembly for Men in Nursing (2014). The Inventory of Male friendliness in Nursing programs. Retrieved from:
Buerhaus, P.I., Straiger, D.O. & Auerbach D.I. (2000). Implications of an aging registered nurse workforce. Journal of the American Medical Association, 283, 2948-2954.
Williams, C.A., &Bednash.(2001). The unfolding nursing shortage $AACN’s strategy.Contents syllabus.27 (2).
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