GLOBAL EPIDEMIOLOGY AND POPULATION HEALTH
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The development of global health goals has been established to improve the health and well-being of individuals and populations within the global context. Yet, how has global health changed? How might it change in the future?
The realm of global health entails unique challenges and perspectives as they pertain to health and disease. Examining different social, environmental, cultural, behavioral, and political dimensions may reveal trends that might help to define why variation occurs with respect to the global burden of disease. As an advanced practice nurse, why is it important to understand the global health perspective?
This week you explore epidemiological and population health concepts through the lens of natural disasters.
LEARNING OBJECTIVESStudents will:
Apply epidemiological and population health concepts to the assessment and mitigation of health effects following natural disastersIdentify leadership roles that nurses have in mitigating negative health outcomes following disasters .INFECTIOUS DISEASE AND NATURAL DISASTERThe earthquake that struck Haiti in 2010 was one of the worst natural disasters in history. According to Peranteau et al. (2010):Immediately after the earthquake the need so vastly outstripped the resources that patients generally lacked basic identifiers and medical records […] Treatment plans were reduced to word of mouth. At first we used scraps of paper or cardboard taped to the patient … (p. 127)
Nearly a quarter of a million people were killed with another quarter of a million injured, and millions of people were displaced from their homes (World Health Organization, 2010). In the ensuing months, a cholera epidemic ravaged the already traumatized country. The destruction of infrastructure, contamination of water supply, and increased human vulnerability from displacement create favorable conditions for the spread of infectious diseases following natural disasters. Respiratory infections and diarrheal diseases are also commonly found encountered after floods, tsunamis, and other types of meteorological and geophysical disasters.
In the aftermath of such tragedies, priority is placed on implementing control measures to re-establish basic healthcare and prevent epidemics. Nurses often play important leadership roles in both domestic and international disaster response. For this Discussion, you consider disasters from an epidemiologic perspective and how nurses can address health outcomes following them.
References:Peranteau, W. H., Havens, J. M., Harrington, S., & Gates, J. D. (2010). Re-establishing surgical care at Port-au-Prince General Hospital, Haiti. Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 211(1), 126–130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2010.04.015
World Health Organization. (2010, September). Letter from the editor. Focus: Emergency and Humanitarian Action, 5. https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/205106/B4566.pdf;jsessionid=3C735D0DC06BD1C7497635EDF5928C93?sequence=1
Be sure to review the Learning Resources before completing this activity.Click the weekly resources link to access the resources.
TO PREPARE:Consider the role of epidemiologic methods in preparing for or responding to natural disasters.Focus on global health initiatives, effects of natural disasters on health outcomes, and global health inequities and how they are magnified by natural disasters.Select a recent (within past 10 years) natural disaster. You may choose an event that occurred in the U.S. or internationally.Explore the current literature and identify the specific leadership roles that nurses have in mitigating negative health outcomes following disasters.BY DAY 3 OF WEEK 11Briefly describe your selected recent natural disaster.Discuss the health consequences of the disaster at the population level.Explain how the concepts of population health and epidemiology discussed in this course were or could have been used to assess health outcomes after this disaster.Explain how the concepts of population health and epidemiology discussed in this course were or could have been used to mitigate negative health effects following this disaster.Describe the specific leadership roles that nurses have in mitigating negative health outcomes following disasters.
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GLOBAL EPIDEMIOLOGY AND POPULATION HEALTH