I am replying to my peer’s post on Developmental Theories |

NU-664C-02-23PCS3 FamilyPsychiatric Ment.Hlth I

My courses
Week 2 Discussion 1: Developmental Theories

Week 2 Discussion 1: Developmental Theories
Done: Make forum posts: 1
Value: 100 points
Due: In an effort to facilitate scholarly discourse, create your initial post by Day 4, and reply to at least two of your classmates, on two separate days, by Day 7.
Grading Category: Discussions
Note: In this type of discussion, you will not see the responses of your classmates until after you have posted your own response to the question below.
Initial Post
Knowledge and application of developmental theory constitutes a foundational component of the PMHNP role. You will need to expand your knowledge of theories for professional practice. This week you will choose an attachment, behavioral, cognitive, humanistic, or biological developmental theory.
For this discussion forum, using your chosen theory, identify what happens as individuals move through developmental stages. Address the following in your initial post:

How can interruptions in the achievement of developmental stages affect an individual?
According to your theory, identify the developmental vulnerabilities that could precipitate mental health symptoms.

Reply to at least two of your classmates. In your reply posts, you should identify similarities and differences among developmental theories. Compare how your theory and your peers’ theory explain how mental health symptoms may arise.
Pick out an idea from your peers’ initial post that you find most interesting and tell how you will use this information in practice.
Your response should include evidence-based research to support your statements using proper citations and APA format.
Please refer to the Grading Rubric for details on how this activity will be graded. The described expectations meet the passing level of 80%. Students are directed to review the Discussion Grading Rubric for criteria which exceed expectations.  
This is my peer’s post
Re: Week 2 Discussion 1: Developmental Theories
by Cindy Faraguna – Monday, 8 May 2023, 5:28 PM
As a nurse for 19 years, I have experience caring for patients across the lifespan. Maslow’s theory is one I feel has been intuitively used the most among my peers. Maslow’s theory addresses humanistic development theory. I have witnessed how gaps in the pyramid lead to a rocky peak. My personal observation using this model is many people want to go right to the top of Maslow’s theory pyramid and skip all the steps along the way. For some people, there were gaps due to how life situations unfolded for them. When there are gaps in the process, you may not successfully reach the top level and can find everything can crumble without a strong foundation. The levels are (1) physiological needs, (2) safety and security, (3) belongingness or love, (4) self-esteem, and (5) self-actualization. Healthy human development goes through each level feeling fulfilled then the individual thrives to reach the next level (DeRobertis & Bland, 2020). The first two stages fulfill an individual’s basic needs such as food, water, clothing, sleep, shelter, security, and safety. When basic needs are not met during the developmental stages, the individual will find it difficult to function, concentrate, and struggle to successfully fulfill the following stages. Quantitative findings indicate when self-actualization goals are linked to having one’s basic needs met (Henwood et al., 2014). If basic needs are not met, the individual will not be able to focus or address issues in other stages (Henwood et al., 2014).According to Henwood, Derejko, and Padgett (2014), if an individual is homeless, they do not have the foundation of physical or safety needs met; therefore, they will not look to address other issues like employment, addictions, relationships, psychiatric symptoms, or any other priorities. Physiological needs and feeling safe and secure are necessary needs which need to be met and fulfilled before basic life skills and healthier habits can be achieved (Henwood et al., 2014). Unmet basic needs result in an increased level of stress and; therefore, lead to adverse physical and mental health outcomes and mortality (Cappelletti et al., 2015). When an individual has unmet basic needs, it orients the mind toward filling those needs and redirects attention and cognitive thought from other concerns (Cappelletti et al., 2015). For example, children and adolescents, if they are not in a healthy and stable home environment will impact how they view themselves and establish relationships with others. The first step in prevention and early intervention in youth mental health is the ability to function well in their personal and social life in addition to coping with life situations (Colizzi et al., 2020). The stage of love and belonging is level 3 on Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs. This stage is critical during the adolescent years. Adolescents may feel defeated during this stage if the first two are not met. This results in a domino effect negatively impacting the last two stages self-esteem and self-actualization.I find this developmental theory to be true. In my first week of clinical, I noticed a pattern of several patients I encountered. I didn’t have the opportunity to explore each patient’s history in-depth, but the pieces of information provided led to unmet basic needs during their childhood and in some cases, adulthood. If the patient’s physiological needs were met, it was the unmet needs of safety and security that diverted their path to the top of Maslow’s pyramid.ReferencesCappelletti, E. R., Kreuter, M. W., Boyum, S., & Thompson, T. (2015). Basic needs, stress and the effects of tailored health communication in vulnerable populations. Health Education Research, 30(4), 591–598. https://doi.org/10.1093/her/cyv033Colizzi, M., Lasalvia, A., & Ruggeri, M. (2020). Prevention and early intervention in youth mental health: Is it time for a multidisciplinary and trans-diagnostic model for care? International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-020-00356-9DeRobertis, E. M., & Bland, A. M. (2020). Lifespan human development and “The humanistic perspective”: A contribution toward inclusion. The Humanistic Psychologist, 48(1), 3–27. https://doi.org/10.1037/hum0000141Henwood, B. F., Derejko, K.-S., Couture, J., & Padgett, D. K. (2014). Maslow and mental health recovery: A comparative study of homeless programs for adults with serious mental illness. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 42(2), 220–228. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10488-014-0542-8

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