Environmental Health: Local To Global: Module 5 Quiz

Question 1

In the United States, research has documented socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in residential exposures to _______________.

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air pollution

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hazardous waste sites

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industrial facilities

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all of the above

1 points
Question 2

In the context of ionizing radiation, the term relative biological effectiveness describes _______________, per unit of radiation energy absorbed by the body.

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the relative damage caused by different types of ionizing radiation

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the relative impact of acute versus chronic exposure to ionizing radiation

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the relative risk of birth defects caused by exposure early versus late in pregnancy

1 points
Question 3

Which of the following occupations is not particularly associated with high exposure to asbestos?

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Insulation Workers

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Oil Workers

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Shipbuilding Workers

1 points
Question 4

Which of the following diseases is a sentinel illness for asbestos exposure?

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Fibrosis

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Lung cancer

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Mesothelioma

1 points
Question 5

The half-life of a radioactive element is the time it takes for half the atoms in a sample to _______________.

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become non-radioactive

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lose an electron

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undergo radioactive decay

1 points
Question 6

Which of the following is not a syndrome associated with acute high-level exposure to ionizing radiation?

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Bone marrow syndrome

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Central nervous system syndrome

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Gastrointestinal syndrome

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Respiratory syndrome

1 points
Question 7

Occupational exposure to cotton dust causes _______________.

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byssinosis

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lacrimosis

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tinnitus

1 points
Question 8

Which of the following types of radiation is not ionizing?

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Beta radiation

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Gamma radiation

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Infrared radiation

1 points
Question 9

Which type of radiation is most penetrating, if a person is exposed from a source outside the body?

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Alpha radiation

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Beta radiation

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Gamma radiation

1 points
Question 10

Nanoparticles are in the same size range as __________________ particulates.

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fine

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respirable

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ultrafine

1 points
Question 11

Asbestos is a _______________ hazard.

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biological

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chemical

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physical

1 points
Question 12

Which of the following is not a documented health effect of noise in the workplace?

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Cognitive failures

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Coronary heart disease

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Decrease in immune system function

1 points
Question 13

Today, with asbestos exposures in the United States largely controlled, deaths from malignant melanoma in the country are _______________.

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declining

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holding steady

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rising

1 points
Question 14

Radioactive decay occurs when an atom of a radioactive isotope _______________.

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Absorbs a burst of energy

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Ejects part of its nucleus

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undergoes fusion of the particles in its nucleus

1 points
Question 15

In the United States, research on burdens of BPA, PFCs, and PBDEs in people’s bodies or in their microenvironments has shown:

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consistently higher burdens in lower-socioeconomic-status and/or minority populations.

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consistently lower burdens in lower-socioeconomic-status and/or minority populations.

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variation in demographic patterns in body burdens.

 
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