# CVP Analysis, Probability Analysis Don Carson and two collea…

CVP Analysis, Probability Analysis Don Carson and two collea…

CVP Analysis, Probability Analysis Don Carson and two colleagues are considering opening a law office in a large metropolitan area to make inexpensive legal services available to people who can- not otherwise afford these services. They intend to provide easy access for their clients by having the office open 360 days per year, 16 hours each day from 7:00 @-L – to 11:00 O-L – A lawyer, paralegal, legal secretary, and clerk-receptionist would staff the office for each of the two 8-hour shifts.
To determine the feasibility of the project, Don hired a marketing consultant to assist with market projections. The consultant’s results show that if the firm spends \$500,000 on advertising the first year, the number of new clients expected each day would have the following probability distribution:
Number of New Clients per Day
10 Probability
.10
20
.30
40
.40
60
.20
Don and his associates believe these numbers to be reasonable and are prepared to spend the \$500,000 on advertising. Other pertinent information about the operation of the office follows.
The only charge to each new client would be \$30 for an initial consultation. The firm will accept all cases that warrant further legal work on a contingency basis with the firm earning 30 percent of any favorable settlements or judgments. Don estimates that 20 percent of new client consultations will result in favorable settlements or judgments averaging \$15,000 each. He does not expect repeat clients during the first year of operations.
The hourly wages for the staff are projected to be \$185 for the lawyer, \$50 for the paralegal, \$30 for the legal secretary, and \$20 for the clerk-receptionist. Fringe benefit expense will be 40 percent of the wages paid. A total of 400 hours of overtime is expected for the year; this will be divided equally between the legal secretary and the clerk-receptionist positions. Overtime will be paid at one and one- half times the regular wage, and the fringe benefit expense will apply to the full wage.
Don has located 6,000 square feet of suitable office space that rents for \$48 per square foot annu- ally. Associated expenses will be \$22,000 for property insurance and \$32,000 for utilities. The group must purchase malpractice insurance expected to cost \$180,000 annually.
The initial investment in office equipment will be \$60,000; this equipment has an estimated useful life of four years. The cost of office supplies has been estimated to be \$10 per expected new client consultation.
Required
Determine how many new clients must visit the law office that Don and his colleagues are considering for the venture to break even in first year of operations.
Using the probability information provided by the marketing consultant, determine whether it is feasible for the law office to achieve breakeven operations.
Explain how Don and his associates could use sensitivity analysis to assist in this analysis.

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