Assumptions of Moral or Cognitive Theories

Discussion: What are the Assumptions of This Theory?
The emphasis on strengths, the capacity to grow and change, and the resiliency of the human spirit in individuals, families, and communities is at the heart of the social work perspective. But how well do theories align with social work values and ethical standards? In your textbook, the authors state that theories about human development “fail to support a strengths perspective when the creative and adaptive energy of individuals is ignored in favor of internal, interpersonal, and social factors that produce pathology” (Robbins, Chatterjee, Canda, & Leibowitz, 2019, p. 312).
One of the key skills you will learn in your doctoral coursework is to critically evaluate the information that you read. In other words, do not simply take what authors say to be true. Part of critically evaluating scholarly research, including evidence-based practices, means critical assessment of the theory that guides methodology.
In this Discussion, you select one theory of cognitive or moral development and dissect the assumptions for consistency with a social work perspective.
To prepare:
Review the ASC Success Strategies: Critical Thinking Skills video resource listed in the Learning Resources.
By Day 4
Post a response to the following:
Identify a specific theory of cognitive or moral development, and in 2–3 sentences summarize the major assumptions.
Analyze the extent to which the theory is consistent with a social perspective by providing three specific examples in the theoryâ€s assumptions. You might want to consider some of the following questions to critically evaluate the theory. (Note: You do not need to address every question below in your post. Rather, use these questions to inform the examples you provide.)
How did the socio-historical context influence the development of the theory?
Are there constructs that reflect a deficit approach?
To what extent do the constructs promote growth and change?
Are there assumptions that end up blaming the victim?
Are there assumptions that pathologize certain groups individuals, families, or communities?
To what extent does the theory promote self-determination and autonomy of individuals, families, and communities?
To what extent does the theory foster a collaborative working relationship with individuals, families, and communities?
Using one of the required media, explain how the faculty person applies theory in the research discussed.
Robbins, S. P., Chatterjee, P., Canda, E. R., & Leibowitz, G. S. (2019). Contemporary human behavior theory: A critical perspective for social work (4th ed.). Pearson.
Chapter 9, “Theories of Cognitive and Moral Development”
Chapter 14, “Application of Theories” (Note: Focus on the information in this chapter that is related to cognitive and moral development theories.)
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