1) Which city was an important stop for many of the apostle Paul’s missionary journeys?

1) Which city was an important stop for many of the apostle Paul’s missionary journeys?


2) Apologetics was important in the early patristic period primarily because

the church was mainly focused on evangelism in this era
persecution forced the church to defend its beliefs to a hostile public
conversions by pagans required the church to develop a simple set of doctrines
the eastern and western churches needed to clarify their respective theologies

3) One of the firmest opponents of mixing theology with secular philosophy was

Irenaeus of Lyons

4) Justin Martyr’s key contribution was in the area of

the doctrine of the Trinity
biblical exegesis

5) Select the church father whose major work was an important landmark in Christian understandings of the nature of the church:


6) One of Augustine’s most important contributions to Christian theology was

in the area of Christology
his defense of the virgin birth of Jesus Christ
his teaching on church leadership
his development of systematic theology as an academic discipline

7) The Didache is

a lost gospel that didn’t make it into the canon
one of Augustine’s most important writings
a 5th-century teaching about the Trinity
an early 2nd-century Christian manual on ethics and church practices

8) Gnosticism was viewed as a challenge to early Christian faith because

its doctrines were very different from Christian teachings and were leading people astray
its ideas were in many ways similar to Christian teachings
it was primarily adopted in the East but not in the West
it had its own set of scriptures that it declared to be authentic Christian writings

9) The NT canon was closed in the western church

by the beginning of the 5th century
in A.D. 367
at the end of the 2nd century
near the beginning of the 10th century

10) Eastern versions of the Apostles’ creed do not contain the following phrase:

born of the Virgin Mary
the holy Catholic church
the communion of saints
the resurrection of the flesh

11) Arius argued that

Christ was not human at all, but was fully divine
Christ was divine but was not equal to God
Christ only appeared to die on the cross
Christ was a created and not a divine being

12) The belief that “the validity of the church’s ministry and preaching did not depend upon the holiness of its ministers, but upon the person of Jesus Christ” was adopted by the church

after the Pelagian controversy
after the Donatist controversy
by the Cappadocian fathers
in the Nicene Creed

13) In contrast to Pelagius, Augustine believed that salvation is

a justly earned reward
a cooperative effort between humanity and God
achievable only by a fully divine Christ
an unmerited gift

14) The Council of Nicea was convened by

the Emperor Constantine
the bishop of Nicea
Gregory of Nyssa

15) The Council of Nicea’s main purpose was to

address broken relations between churches in the East and West
decide the New Testament canon
settle Christological debates
determine the doctrine of the Trinity

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